THE WORLD BANK ATTRIBUTES LAGOS BUILDING COLLAPSES TO LAX REGULATION.
It also mentioned the lack of a legally accepted building design code, limited development land
, and a lack of processes to ensure the quality of construction materials as reasons why structures in the state cave in on a frequent basis. This was discovered by the bank in a report on Sub-Saharan African housing regulatory framework requirements.
According to the bank, only around 10% of building sites acquire licenses, and even when permits are secured
, final construction may depart from their specifications. According to a report released earlier this year by the Lagos State section of the Building Collapse Prevention Guild, 115 incidences of building collapse happened in the capital city over the previous ten years.
"Based on previous studies and consultations with the government and key stakeholders, the main drivers for building collapse in Lagos are the absence of a legally adopted building design code in Lagos State," according to the paper. This adds to poor design and construction quality, increasing vulnerability and shortening the life of building designs.
"Another reason is the scarcity of development land
, combined with a lack of risk-informed site selection." Because land is scarce in Lagos, some builders, particularly the impoverished, are driven to choose unsafe construction sites. Furthermore, site-specific risk information is not easily accessible.
"Lack of systems to ensure the quality of construction materials: Market materials frequently fail to meet Nigerian national standards, which include minimum material standards, certification mechanisms, and testing requirements." Furthermore, material testing facilities in Lagos are restricted in capacity."
According to the bank, building collapses occur during the rainy season as a result of regulatory failures, such as construction on inappropriate locations and/or water damage to foundations and structures. It further emphasized that the building control authority lacked appropriate transportation and equipment to conduct efficient site monitoring and inspection.
To address this, the World Bank advocated partnership
between the government and the commercial sector, as well as bottom-up outreach to educate people about the dangers of low-quality construction and design.